- Planning and Design
Planning and Design Process
The client’s design brief was to replace a dilapidated existing house with a new home to accommodate their family of four and visiting guests. Their brief demanded five bedrooms and bathrooms, but the main emphasis was to make living spaces engage with the dramatic views across the estuary as well as out to sea. The house was to be low maintenance and energy efficient.
Aesthetically, the client pointed towards a New England’ style house as they felt comfortable with the exposed timber nature of this form – it is to their great credit that they followed our interpretation towards a modern timber-framed Welsh vernacular.
Located within the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, the planning application challenged the authority’s concept for a replacement house on the site and although they conceded that it was a ‘good design that represented a modern Welsh vernacular’, it met with a refusal. The planners admitted that the contemporary nature of the design ‘was just too much for them’. Following an appeal Hearing, the scheme was finally approved in 2009.
The house sits on a steep bank onto the estuary and so the lower floor had to be built into the slope. This necessitated a reinforced blockwork retaining structure, so the design utilizes a masonry ground floor construction with pre-cast concrete floor – the upper floor has masonry walls are clad in an insulated render system to the north (service zone) and a timber framed structure using a primary structure of laminated iroko with insulated studwork infills, clad in iroko to the more open, south side. The roof is clad in standing seam black zinc.
Key Sustainability Points
The orientation of the dwelling is such that it seeks to maximise passive solar gains through its southerly aspect while shaded against excessive solar gain through a deep roof overhang and a balcony providing shade to the lower floor.
The design uses carefully considered openings to flood the internal spaces with high levels of natural daylight. The narrow plan helps to maximise the daylight gained, thus reducing the need for electric lights.
The quantity and size of openings to the north elevation have been kept to a minimum to reduce weak points in the thermal envelope. High performance thermally broken double glazed systems are used throughout. Low energy light fittings are used throughout. Passive cooling and natural ventilation is also achieved via cross ventilation through the open plan at first floor level. Carefully considered detailing ensures the buildings air permeability and subsequent heat loss is minimised. The buildings first floor glass balustrade and supporting concrete frame at ground floor level act as a physical barrier to the prevailing winds increasing thermal performance.
Masonry construction of the ground floor provides thermal mass to bedroom accommodation while the framed construction of the living accommodation provides ample space for insulation in order to achieve excellent U Values. Locally sourced slate shale is used externally to provide a permeable surface finish to avoid runoff to piped systems.
Natural shrub landscaping has been adopted to encourage the continued growth of the sites flora and fauna.
- Design and Construction Information
Architect: John Pardey Architects
Structural Engineer: Barton Engineers
Contractor: Carreg Construction
Date of Completion: 2011
Contract value: £975,000
Site Area: GIA 326 m2
Awards: RSAW Welsh Architecture Award 2013, Winner of Eisteddfod Gold Medal 2013